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Answer: OA is an academic publishing mechanism, in which research products (articles, books, theses etc.) are available for free to download.
- Academic journals (full OA or hybrid).
- Academic libraries websites – theses, reports.
- Institutional repositories.
- Subject-oriented or general self-archived repositories.
- When funders (financial sponsors) make publishing in OA sources a condition of their grants. The Sherpa Juliet website lists all the funders’ policies for OA publication.
- More citations – Higher impact and visibility for published research. Studies have shown a significant increase in citations when articles are made publicaly available.
- Philosophy – Sharing research results can help science to reach its full potential, since price is no longer an obstacle.
There are two main ways to publish your research as open access:
Gold Open Access – Gives the researcher the option to publish the article in a fully open access journal, or in journals that support open access (hybrid).
Advantages of Gold Open Access:
- Immediate exposure in an academic journal, occasionally from the top publishers.
Disadvantages of Gold Open Access:
- The author is required to pay an open access fee, usually referred to as “Article Processing Charge (APC)”.
Green Open Access – Gives the researchers the option to deposit (self-archive) their paper in a general or institutional open access repository. Each publisher has policies regarding which version of the article the author may publish. Some publishers also require an embargo period.
Advantages of Green Open Access:
- No fee (no APC).
- Immediate exposure online.
Disadvantages of Green Open Access:
- Multiple versions online.
- Difficulties in citations count.
- Copyrights issues.
There aren’t enough subject-related archives.
- JCR (Journal Citation Reports) – Look for the candidate journal impact factor (IF).
- Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory – Check if it is indexed in top academic databases such as Scopus or Web of Science.
- Cabells Scholarly Analytics – DO NOT publish in a journal that appears in Cabells ‘blacklist’ of suspected predatory OA journals.
- Check for membership in OA associations such as OASPA or in well reputed OA directories, i.e., DOAJ.
- Pricing (APC) – Check the publisher’s discount policies for institutions.
It is important to know that many predatory OA publishers tend to organize “predatory conferences”. These conferences are sometimes fake, proceedings are not published following them and speakers occasionally are different than what was promised. It is advised to use the tools mentioned above before registering to conferences that produced by unknown organizers or not by well-known societies. Some tips may also can assist you in avoiding such conferences.
Use the SHERPA/RoMEO service to check the copyright policies.
- Subject related OA repositories – Arxiv, Biorxiv, Chemrxiv and more
- General OA repositories – Such as Zenodo
One may only self-archive only after the termination of the embargo period, if exists. Some publishers specify the embargo periods for each journal on their websites (i.e. Elsevier).
If you need to deposit your research data, you can choose from a variety of repositories while taking some important considerations (from Jisc).
- Uploading a paper in a personal website (homepage, laboratory group page).
- Uploading full text in social media sites (ResearchGate, ‘Academia’ and more).
- Using illegal platforms (i.e. SciHub).
- Diregarding the terms and conditions specified in the publishing agreement.
Once ensuring their copyrights, authors can provide Open Access of their work (final or pre-print version) in accordance to the publisher’s terms.
Main options to retain author copyrights:
- Use the Scholar’s Copyright Addendum Engine in the “Science Commons” webpage in order to generate addendum to be attached to the publication agreement. The addendum should state which rights the author will retain after sending an article to a publisher.
- Authors may also request to sign a “License to Publish” instead of a full transfer of rights. this means that authors retain all rights that are not explicitly licensed to the publisher.
- Authors wishing to provide liberal re-use rights for users, while retaining their copyright of the article, may ask the publisher to release their work under a Creative Commons license.
What about ResearchGate, Personal/laboratory websites and other Scholar-social-media interfaces? These websites are NOT scientific repositories and hence, one should consult the publisher before uploading any kind of version of their paper.
The current world-wide trend towards “open science” research outputs that are freely available to all online, has led grantors to stipulate that researchers publish their results in open access. This requirement affects the organization of the research logistically and financially from the way the grant proposal is written for choosing a publishing option.
- The difference between regular and open access publishing
- The various Open Access options- the significance and costs
- Copyright rights
- Choosing the appropriate option
- The danger of predatory journals
Open Access – The Basics & Associated Library Services (By Ronit Marco, Information Specialist, The Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Technion)
Open Access EU Collaborative Projects (By Klara Katsenelson Grosbart Head, EU Funds Financial Management Collaborative Projects)
Discounts given to Technion researchers via different publishers
We have created a list of publishers that offer reduced APC (article processing charges) for Technion researchers. The list will continue to be updated constantly.
Please contact Your faculty library OR The Reference & Instruction department at the Central Library if you want us to check the discount policies of other publishers that are not listed yet.