Article Citations

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Article Citations

Searching for cited articles is a useful tool for conducting research for the following reasons:

  • Find other works on your research topic.
  • Find other researchers with similar research interests.
  • Check the “importance” of a particular work by finding out how many other authors/works have cited it.

By searching for a cited articles you can:

  • Count citations: find out how many others have cited a given work.
  • Make cited reference search: find out which articles have cited a certain previously published work.
  • Create citation alerts: find out when a newly published article cites a certain previously published work.
  • Receive statistics relating to an author.

Links

Source:

Consideration:

Number of citations depends on source’s content and coverage. 

WOS

  • Citation data only for the records indexed by database.
  • Limited number of journals.
  • European bias.
  • Calculates the H-index of an author from 1965 – current.
  • Limited number of journals in non-English languages.
  • Clear results from scholarly journals.
  • “In press” articles are not indexed because of editorial policy.
  • Only in their final form.
  • Self-citations exclusion option.
  • Access via subscription.

SCOPUS

Citation data only for the records indexed by database.

More content (about 22,000 journals) than in WOS (about 12,000 journals).

  • American bias.
  • Calculates the H-index of an author from 1996 – current.
  • Scopus Cited References Expansion Program ensures cited references going back to 1970 will be added to pre-1996 Scopus content in the fourth quarter of 2014.
  • Limited number of journals in non-English languages.
  • Clear results from scholarly journals.
  • One version of a paper in results.
  • “In press” articles are included.
  • Self-citations exclusion option.
  • Access via subscription.

GOOGLE SCHOLAR

  • Scholar’s work may be published in journals not covered by WOS and Scopus.
  • Larger number of journals than in WOS and Scopus *not all scholarly journals are indexed in Google Scholar.
  • Larger number of publications in non-English languages than in WOS and Scopus.
  • Affection on value of H-index of additional irrelevant citations results from nonscholarly citations (records from unknown sources and informal material).
  • Not all of them are of the same quality as those found in the Web of Science or Scopus.
  • In some cases Scholar indexes preprint and journal version of a paper and provides in the results the sum of the two counts, so citations are spread over the duplicates.
  • Provides an H-index only for researchers who created a user profile for themselves.
  • Counts self-citations.
  • Freely accessibly from the internet.

The optimal methodology to count citations is to consult Google Scholar in addition to Web of Science or Scopus.

  • Disciplines that use more references per paper is expected to drive up the Impact Factor of the journal.
  • The same journal may be ranked differently depending on the category being reviewed.Different disciplines have different standards for citation.

    It is unfair to compare H-index of researchers working in different disciplines:

    • Discipline that uses more references per paper is expected to have higher index.
    • Researchers in specialist subject may have lower h-index than those in more popular or currently-topical areas.
    • Coverage in different disciplines is not the same in different sources.

    Journals indexed in the WOS cover mainly the core disciplines in the natural sciences.

    Journals indexed in the WOS and Scopus do not sufficiently cover fields such as computer science.

    Journals indexed in the WOS do not sufficiently cover field of engineering science as well.

    Google Scholar coverage in such science disciplines like Biology, Chemistry and Physics is less than in WOS or Scopus. Google Scholar coverage for the four Social science disciplines: Education, Economics, Sociology and Psychology as well as Computing is higher than in WOS and Scopus.

    Number of Google Scholar citations for mathematicians and computer scientists higher than the WOS and Scopus, but lower for high-energy physicists.

Large and small journals are compared equally *Smaller or more specialized journals will tend to have smaller Impact Factors.

ET Instruction

Instructions and guides:

Web of Science Database Provides Some Options to Find Citations:

Basic Search

To find out how many others have cited a given work, choose ‘Title’ search option from the search box in Basic Search, enter the work title and click ‘Search’:

WOS article search

Result’s screen displays the number of citations for a given work:

WOS article citations

To see the list of articles that have cited a given work, click on the number of ‘Times Cited’:

WOS list of citing articles

Note: In the list you can see the citing articles only from subscribed databases.

To see more information about ‘Times Cited Counts’, click ‘View Additional Times Cited Counts’.

Cited Reference Search

To find out how many others have cited a given work, choose one or more of the search options in the search box in Cited Reference Search:

  • Last name of author and first name initial.
  • Abbreviated journal title (or select from journal abbreviations list).
  • Cited year or years if available.

Then click ‘Search’:

WOS cited reference search

Result’s screen will display the number of citations for a given work:

WOS cited ref search results

To find out which articles have cited a work, select the reference and click ‘Finish Search’.

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